When bacteria in your mouth form a sticky film called plaque and it is not removed through brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar. In some patients, plaque and tartar build up more easily and/or quickly. When this is not removed, an infection called gingivitis or gum disease results. At this stage, the disease process can be reversed. If untreated, however, this can lead to periodontitis, which destroys the gum attachment and supporting bone and is not reversible. Pain, gum recession, bone loss, and eventually tooth loss are risks of gum disease. To learn more about gum disease and how to prevent it, contact Dr. Jekel’s office in Dallas soon.